Towards a Science of Human Centered Computation

Presenter: Valerie L. Shalin, Association Professor, Department of Psychology, Wright State University

Abstract. Research in human centered computation is use-inspired and exemplifies Pasteurís quadrant. Conceptualizing computational tools in this way influences the approach to development and evaluation, which must occur in the context of a task and domain. This talk will present two projects involving the use of human centered computational tools in the context of space flight, including both physical control and planning tasks. A legacy tool for the Shuttle Program at NASA-JSC Mission Control illustrates a distinction between computational tools for physical control and computational tools for planning. Qualitative analysis reveals that planning tools require greater attention to the management of distributed work in addition to conducting the work itself. New tools developed for NASA-JPLís Mars Exploration Rover extends insights from the first project, by facilitating shared understanding between the science team and the engineering team, regarding intended targets of exploration and methods of exploration, while maximizing the science teamís insight into the impact of their exploration methods on the depletion of limited Rover resources. Qualitative analysis reveals both fundamental challenges and fortuitous mismatches between science and engineering perspectives on the planning task.

Date and Place

On June 19th, 2013 at 10am

LORIA
Centre de Recherche INRIA Nancy-Grand Est
615, rue du Jardin Botanique
54600 Villers-lŤs-Nancy

Meeting will take place in Room B-013